One of the most prominent examples of the relevance of and enduring interest in ancient texts is the daf yomi cycle, in which participants read a folio (or daf) of the Babylonian Talmud a day for more than 7 years, until they complete the entire Babylonian Talmud. Gittin, in the order of Nashim, deals with mishnayot related to divorce, as well as memorable narratives about the Temple's destruction.
David Weiss Halivni's Miqorot UMesorot On the Order of Women/Nashim.
Belser, Julia Watts. "Opulence and Oblivion: Talmudic Feasting, Famine, and the Social Politics of Disaster." AJS Review 38, no. 01 (2014): 89-107.
Belser, Julia Watts. "Sex in the Shadow of Rome: Sexual Violence and Theological Lament in Talmudic Disaster Tales." Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion 30, no. 1 (2014): 5-24.
Friedman, Shamma. “Sorting Out the Wages of Adultery: Execution, Ordeal or Divorce,” in Shoshannat Yaakov: Jewish and Iranian Studies in Honor of Yaakov Elmaneds. Shai Secunda and Steven Fine (Leiden: Brill, 2012) 77-109
Brin, Gershon. “Divorce at Qumran, Legal Texts and Legal Issues.” In Legal Texts and Legal Issues: Proceedings of the Second Meeting of the International Organization for Qumran Studies, Cambridge, 1995, ed. Moshe Bernstein, Florentino Garcia Martinez, and John Kampen. Published in Honour of Joseph M. Baumgarten. Studies on the Texts of the Desert of Judah, 23 (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1997): 231-244.
Labovitz, Gail Susan. Marriage and Metaphor: Constructions of Gender in Rabbinic Literature. Rowman & Littlefield, 2009.
Noam, Vered. "Divorce in Qumran in light of early halakhah." Journal of Jewish Studies 56, no. 2 2005.
Satlow, Michael L. Jewish Marriage in Antiquity. Princeton University Press, 2001..
Thanks to John Mandsager for many of the source suggestions!